A-1 Pallet Shipping Product Terminology
Following are some of the terms to assist you in describing your shipping product requirements:
SHIPPING PRODUCT TYPES
Pallet: Comprised of top boards, bottom boards and stringers.
Skid: Comprised of top boards and stringers.
Crate: Comprised of wooden frame and plywood walls with stringer bottoms for entry. Used for shipping or storage.
A-Frames: Comprised of A-Frame support trusses with a wooden side decks. Often used in Glass Industry.
Cribs: Comprised of short 2x4s fastened together on top of one another in a parallel pattern to desired height (looks like a Jenga pattern). Used in the Modular building industry or trailer industry for placing under building or trailer for temporary storage.
Pads: Comprised of 2×6 boards to create a doubled surface; often pressure treated. Used in the Modular building industry for placing under cribs under the building for temporary storage.
Reels: Comprised of cross-style wooden ends and a center shaft for storing product. Used for storing chain or long products that requires winding.
Custom Built Product: A wooden shipping product customized to fit the Customer’s product accurately; specific to the required size of length and width, the build style, board spacing, and other modifications or adaptations required.
Certified Product: A pallet or wooden shipping product built with heat treated lumber that is traceable to its source and has been stamped by a certified facility. Used for International or Overseas shipping and ideal for National shipping. Please see the CWPCP Certified Products Section
Non-Certified Product: A pallet or wooden shipping product built with green lumber or NON-traceable heat treated lumber. Used for National shipping and internal purposes.
COMPONENTS OF PALLETS & SKIDS
Top Boards: Width-wise boards fastened to the upper or top load carrying surface; often 1×4 or 1×6 lumber.
Bottom Boards: Width-wise boards fastened to the bottom load bearing surface; often 1×4 or 1×6 lumber.
Stringers: Length-wise beam component of the pallet; usually a 2×4 used to support the width-wise board components. Solid stringers are for 2-way entry.
Notched Stringers: Stringer with 2 notches spaced for forklift entry allowing 4-way entry. (Not ideal for skids)
Blocks: Rectangular or square board spacers used in block pallet construction instead of stringers.
PALLET & SKID BUILD STYLES & CUSTOMIZATION LINGO
Length: The length of the pallet is the length of the stringers (usually 2x4s) or the direction the forks will enter parallel to the stringers. (Applicable to a skid)
Width: The width of the pallet is the top and bottom board length. (Applicable to skid top boards)
Two-Way Pallet: A stringer pallet with un-notched solid stringers allowing entry from only the two ends. (Applicable to a skid)
Four-Way Pallet: A stringer pallet with notched stringers allowing four-way entry access.
Top Spacing Allowance: Allowable space between the top boards to ensure Customer’s product stays on top of the load carrying surface. (Applicable to a skid)
Flush Sides: A pallet built with the boards and stringers or blocks flush along the sides of the pallet is the standard style; all edges of the pallet are square. (A skid can be flush)
Top-Overhang Pallet: A pallet with top boards extending beyond the outer edges of the stringers with the bottom boards flush; looks like wings on the outer stringer boards. (A skid can have top board overhang)
Double-Overhang Pallet: A pallet with top and bottom boards extending beyond the outer edges of the stringers; looks like double wings (top and bottom) on the outer stringer boards.
Lip-Overhang: An overhang on a pallet that extends from the outer edges of the length of the pallet or from the end of the stringer; often for adapting pallet to equipment in the manufacturing line. (A skid can have lip-overhang)
Board Insets: Top or bottom lead board placement inset or indented so that the stringer overhangs; often for adapting pallet to equipment in the manufacturing line. (A skid can have top board insets)